Hoehnke weather today weather Weather data from the Crown Meteorological Office

Currency :
The official currency of Hoehnke is the Crown, which is floated on the international currency exchanges, (standard symbol HOK) for the latest exchange rates, visit the website of the Royal Bank of Hoehnke.
Royal Bank of Hoehnke
Casino :
Casino Inaugurated in 1809, the well renowned Hoehnke Casino has been open for business round the clock, almost without interruption, ever since and welcomes gamblers from around the World to its exquisite baroque interior each year. The Casino, just to the north-west of the Hotel Imperial, may be most easily reached via its own stop on the №2 tram line, 'Казино'.
Consular Representation :
The Consular Office of The Crown Principality of Hoehnke in Bern represents not just the affairs of Hoehnke in Switzerland, but throughout western Europe. The Hoehnke Consulate in the Swiss capital serves to promote the affairs of Hoehnke and also to act as the office for persons wishing to visit the principality or conduct business.
Visit the official website at: www.hoehnke.ch
Bern Consulate
Philately :
The Royal Hoehnke Postal Service issued their first stamps in 1918 on the regaining independence from Austria-Hungary. Since then both special issues and definitives, such as these pictured, have been much sought after by collectors around the World. Today they are available to tourists visiting the Principality and through official dealers, such as on eBay.
half-crown stamp three crown stamp
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Flag of Hoehnke
The Flag of Hoehnke

The Trams of Hoehnke Hoehnke Tram Electric trams first came to the city of Hoehnke in 1912, with the acquisition of four second-hand tramcars from Vienna. At first there was only one line, from the suburb of Charlottenstëin, along Royal Prospect, passing to the east of the old town along the banks of the Slvad river, via the railway station and into the north-eastern district of Vykarda. In 1923 came Line № 2 from Lysia in the west, crossing the original line at an interchange near the National University buildings and into the southern-east suburbs along the northern edge of grounds of the Royal Summer Palace of Harklend. The roster of rolling stock was further expanded with the purchase of additional second-hand cars, this time from Prague ! The ancestry of the network’s rolling stock can clearly be seen in their livery, the Viennese cars on Line № 1 retaining their original brown paintwork, whilst those from Prague were mistakenly repainted royal blue rather than brown prior to delivery, a colour that they have retained by tradition ever since.
Hoehnke blue tram Hoehnke Line №2 Tram passing the University
The network operates a flat-fare system whereby a single journey costs 5K or approximately €1.40 and runs from 05.30 to 23.30 daily, 06.00 to 22.30 Sundays.
Hoehnke Zoo
National Zoological-Gardens of Hoehnke were opened in 1898 by the visiting Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria as part of the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of her father Emperor Franz Joseph I ascendancy to the throne. While undergoing difficult years, especially during the Second World War, the zoo now hosts a collection unrivalled in the northern Adriatic which is sure to be one of the highlights to the city. It lies on the north-eastern side of the Royal Prospect, may be reached by tram line № 1 from stop 'Зоопарк' and is entered through the famous impressive commemorative imperial crown gates, its stone pillars containing the ticket booths, topped by a swan and an eagle respectively. The zoological gardens are open seven days a week, including all public holidays.
Zoological Gardens
Public holidays :
Hoehnke’s national day is September 10th, when full independence was first celebrated in 1919 and the anniversary has been celebrated as a public holiday ever since. The sovereign’s birthday on May 13th is also an occasion for national celebration and the Crown Princess takes part in a traditional annual birthday parade starting from Palace Square in the Old Town.

Hoehnke is small European city state nestled between the former Yugoslavian states of Slovenia and Croatia at the head of the Gulf of Trieste on the Adriatic Sea. With a population of 3,834 (2009 official census figure), the name Hoehnke refers both to the capital and the Crown Principality from which it takes it’s name.
Hoehnke was established as a crown land (Kronland) of the Austrian Empire in 1849 until 1918 when as part of the Treaty of Versailles it regained its independence once more following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and neighbouring Trieste's annexation to Italy. Trieste had strategic importance as Austria-Hungary's primary sea port and the coast of the Littoral was a resort destination, while Hoehnke remained isolated with its much smaller port and largely inaccessible from the landward side ensuring a degree of autonomy remained even during the period of occupation.

The territory of what would become modern Hoehnke had gradually been conquered by the Republic of Venice (Domini di Terraferma) until the early 15th century. In the east, the Habsburg archdukes of Austria, based on the March of Carniola they held from 1335, had gained suzerainty over Istrian Pazin in 1374 and the port of Trieste in 1382. They also purchased Duino and Rijeka (Fiume) on the northern Adriatic coast in 1474, and inherited the Friulian lands of the extinct Counts of Görz, which included Hoehnke in 1500.

The Habsburgs however did little initially to consolidate or develop their holdings in the Littoral. The supremacy of La Serenissima in the Adriatic and the attention to the threat posed by an expanding Ottoman Empire gave the Austrian archdukes little opportunity to enlarge their coastal possessions. Incorporated into the Austrian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire, Görz, Trieste, Hoehnke and the remainder of Istria remained separately administered and retained their autonomy until into the 18th century.

Emperor Charles VI increased sea power of the Habsburg Monarchy by making peace with the Ottomans and declaring free shipping in the Adriatic. In 1719, Trieste and Hoehnke were made free ports. In 1730, administration of the Littoral was unified under the Intendancy in Trieste. However, in 1775, Emperor Joseph II divided the administration of the two main ports, assigning Trieste as the port for the Austrian "hereditary lands" and Hoehnke for the Kingdom of Hungary.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Habsburg Monarchy gained Venetian lands in the Istrian Peninsula including Hoehnke as part of the Treaty of Campo Formio of 1797. However, these territories and all of the new Austrian Empire's Adriatic lands were soon lost to the French Empire's puppet state, the Kingdom of Italy by the Treaty of Pressburg of 1805. The 1809 Treaty of Schönbrunn then transferred Hoehnke to the Illyrian Provinces which were directly ruled by France.

With Napoleon's defeats, the Austrian Empire regained the region and, in 1813, all of the Littoral including Trieste, Istria, Hoehnke and Fiume became one administrative unit. From 1816, the Littoral including Hoehnke was a part of the Austrian Empire's Kingdom of Illyria.

In 1849, the Kingdom of Illyria was dissolved and Hoehnke once again became a separate crown land, acheiving full independance again under the terms of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1919, following the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. During the Second World War Hoehnke was one of the operational zones of German forces after the capitulation of Italy in September 1943 until the end of the war. After the conclusion of the war most of the surrounding territory become Yugoslavia, while the city of Trieste went to Italy and Hoehnke remained neutral, all be it entirely surrounded by Yugoslav territory with the exception of its short section of coastline, but with no territorial waters of its own. Following the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, Hoehnke's period of isolation finally came to an end.
HRH Crown Princess Birgit
HRH Crown Princess Birgit

Hoehnke's Position in the World
An extract from a late 19th Century map of the northern Adriatic, showing, the then much larger and contiguous, territory of the Crown Principality in yellow, to the south of Trieste, then within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Map of HoehnkeThe facade of the Royal Palace of Hoehnke Royal Palace Hoehnke
Recommended Sights in Hoehnke : the summer palace
The Royal Summer Palace at Harklend has been the second home to the Hoehnke Royal Family since being inaugurated under the auspices of Princess Victoria VI in 1792. Seeking more spacious accommodation than that provided by the Vlaslaval Palace in the centre of the old town on Palace Square , Harklend afforded its residents almost two square kilometres of painstakingly laid out parkland and manicured gardens with the 14 bedroom cream coloured mansion at its heart, the highlight. During the years in which Hoehnke was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire the palace played host to many visitors from the Imperial Royal Family, but since independence was re-established, it is, except for the two summer months that the Crown Princess is in residence, a tranquil setting which welcomes visitors no matter what their ancestry.

Summer Palace Harklend, the palace and its grounds, are open to the public Wednesday to Saturday inclusive, except during the months of December, June & July. Further details on application or from the tourist office.

Built between 1856 and 1860 from a project by Carl Junker working under Archduke Maximilian, the palace gardens provide a setting of outstanding beauty with a variety of trees, chosen by and planted on the orders of Maximilian, that today make a remarkable collection. Features of particular attraction in the gardens include two ponds, one noted for its swans and the other for lotus flowers and a small chapel where is kept a cross made from the remains of the "Novara", the flagship on which Maximilian, brother of Emperor Franz Josef, set sail to become Emperor of Mexico.
For further information, contact the Ministry of Information, Hoehnke: publicity@hoehnke.org

Hoehnke Spa